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Wednesday, 28 March 2012

Human Choice

A new book called Poor Economics - dealing with economic choices by the poor - has been published by an academic who works in the USA and has his ancestry in a new-emergent economy. The text unconsciously encapsulates a clear vindication of my concept of ik: the idea that people allocate any discretionary expenditure that they can afford on buying quons - copyrighted and trade-mark-protected entertainment, branded goods and services and other consumer experiences on which a charge could be levied for enjoying access to the input of intellectual property that makes the 'good' desirable to those who buy or hire it. Give a desperately poor person [who has just enough consumption to survive] a few extra pennies and she or he is more likely to to try to broaden their range of consumer experiences by accessing some ik than they are to buy more of the food that makes up their daily diet.

This behaviour is not what typical Grauniad readers expect, and it is 'irrational'  in terms of formal Economics; but it is what the evidence clearly shows. It is also the basis on which governments [from the earliest human societies] have taxed transactions in markets. While income taxes are fashionably considered 'fair' in the degenerate cisatlantic democracies, History shows that expenditure taxes come closest to being 'discretionary' in that people opt to buy things even though they know that in doing so they are paying a tax [indeed, the majority of the price of cigarettes, alcoholic drinks and motor fuel is tax in many countries]. People are more likely to opt not to earn more taxable income than they are to refuse to purchase highly desired items because of the tax imposed on the transaction.

This experience shows clearly the irrationality of formal Economics, as it has been developed since the eighteen-sixties. Economics as presented in universities and in advice to governments is not based on evidence - it is based on assumptions as to what an ideal or 'perfect' economy might look like. The aim of Economists is to make human life conform to their models: which is a fundamentally inhumane objective. There is no reason for surprise that Economics solutions to real-world issues do not 'work'. The alternative has existed for longer than Economics has been in existence: the science of Political Economy was well-developed, and realistic, well before the pioneers of modern Economics decided to create their own academic dreamland. Lord Keynes - who never bothered with a doctorate in Economics and never held a professorial chair - was deeply learned in Political Economy, and although he was loyal to the memory of his teachers [his father, John Neville Keynes and the family friend Alfred Marshall] his work was anything but mainstream Economics: which is why Economists have so imperfectly understood it, and why so many of them have tried to push it out of consideration

My simple objective is the restore Political Economy as a science that is relevant to the human condition, and perhaps to .take some aspects of the science a small step forwards. Anyone interested in this question should open the link from this blog to my text PPE: Personal Political Economy.

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